Makri Gialos, on the south coast, 38 kms from Sitia and 25 kms from lerapetra, is the coastal settlement of the Agios Stephanos community. It was not possible that the ancients could have ignored such a wonderful site.
The important ancient city of Pressos was the homeland of the Eteocretans--the true Cretans. These people withdrew to these three hills, built a city and continued their Minoan culture when the Dorians invaded.
Etia is a small settlement situated in the Municipality of Lefki. It's 2 kms far from the village of Papagianades driving to the village of Armeni. In a Venetian census was recorded with a population of 564.
This is a small island in the Libyan Sea off the south-eastern coast of Crete, or more eχactly, south-east of the Goudouras promontory. Together with the islets of Makroulo, Strongilo, Trachila and Marmara it forms a close group.
This is an area of great archaeological interest because, in addition to various chance finds and signs of habitation in the cave of Koufoto on the shore, a large necropolis came to light near the cave (at a place now known as Patima).
The Minoan civilisation became famous at the beginning of our century because of the excavations by Sir Arthur Evans. It was like unearthing from the nebulae of the past, a new mythical world, unknown until then but very ravishing. The archaeological scientific research on the Minoan civilisation that was done during the continuous excavations by Greek and non-Greek scientists did not deprive the subject of its interest, but it became much more interesting.